Get the best of
The Daily Bundle in your
inbox every week

What is Custom Post Type (CPT)

By Muhammad Awais
June 15, 2023

Get the best of The Daily Bundle in your inbox every week

Custom Post Type (CPT) is a feature of the WordPress content management system that allows users to create their own post types and content structures. By default, WordPress has built-in post types such as posts, pages, and attachments, but with CPT, users can create new post types with their own set of custom fields and taxonomies.

CPTs can be used to store and display any type of content, such as products, services, events, portfolio items, job listings, real estate listings, and more. CPTs provide a way to organize and manage different types of content separately, making it easier for users to manage their website’s content.

CPTs can be created using code or with the help of a plugin. When creating a custom post type, users can define various attributes such as labels, descriptions, taxonomies, and custom fields. Once the custom post type is created, users can add new posts to the post type and display them on their website using WordPress templates.

Custom Post Types are a valuable tool for website owners who want to provide their visitors with a unique and tailored experience. By creating custom post types, users can showcase their content in a more structured and organized way, making it easier for visitors to find the information they are looking for. Additionally, CPTs allow users to add new functionality to their website by providing a way to store and display custom data. Overall, Custom Post Types are a powerful feature that can help WordPress users create more customized and dynamic websites.


How can we create CPT


In WordPress, creating a Custom Post Type (CPT) can be done by adding custom code to the functions.php file of your theme or by using a plugin. Here are the steps to create a CPT using both methods:


Method 1: Adding custom code to functions.php


Step 1: Open the functions.php file of your theme. You can find this file by going to Appearance > Theme Editor in your WordPress dashboard.

Step 2: Add the following code to the end of the file:

In this example, we’re creating a custom post type called “Custom Post Type” with a slug of “custom-post-type”. You can customize the name, slug, and other settings to fit your needs.

Step 3: Save the file.


Method 2: Using a plugin


Step 1: Install and activate a custom post type plugin such as Custom Post Type UI or Pods.

Step 2: Go to the plugin settings page and create a new custom post type.

Step 3: Define the custom post type attributes, such as labels, descriptions, taxonomies, and custom fields.

Step 4: Save the changes and the plugin will automatically create the custom post type.

Once you’ve created the custom post type, you can start adding new posts to the post type. The posts can be displayed on your website using the WordPress loop and templates.

Custom Post Types are a great way to organize and display different types of content on your website, and they can help you create a more dynamic and customized user experience. Whether you choose to create a CPT with code or with a plugin, make sure to test your custom post type thoroughly to ensure that it’s working correctly.


Meta Boxes


Meta boxes are customizable content areas that can be added to the post editor in WordPress. They allow you to add additional fields and content to your posts, beyond the default fields provided by WordPress.

Meta boxes can be used to add custom fields, collect additional information about your posts, and display information in a more organized and user-friendly way. They can be used for a wide range of purposes such as adding custom post types, custom fields for post metadata, custom taxonomies, and more.

By default, WordPress provides a few meta boxes such as the title, editor, and featured image. However, you can create your own custom meta boxes to collect and display additional information for your posts. Meta boxes are typically added to the post editor using the add_meta_box() function and can be customized to fit your specific needs.

Meta boxes are a powerful feature in WordPress that allows developers to create custom content areas for their posts. They are used to collect and display information that is not part of the standard WordPress post editor. By using meta boxes, you can add custom fields, display additional information, and improve the overall user experience of your WordPress site.


How to Add Meta Boxes In CPT

Here are the steps to add meta boxes to your Custom Post Types:

Step 1: Create a new function

To add meta boxes, you need to create a new function that will be called when the post editor is loaded. Here’s an example function:

In this example, we’re creating a meta box called “Custom Meta Box” that will be displayed on the post editor for the “custom_post_type” Custom Post Type. The add_meta_box function takes several arguments:

custom_post_type_meta_box is the ID of the meta box. This ID is used to identify the meta box when saving data.

‘Custom Meta Box’ is the title of the meta box that will be displayed to the user.

‘custom_post_type_meta_box_callback’ is the name of the callback function that will be used to display the content of the meta box.

‘custom_post_type’ is the ID of the Custom Post Type to which the meta box should be added.

‘normal’ is the context in which the meta box should be displayed.

‘default’ is the priority of the meta box.


Step 2: Create the meta box callback function

The callback function is used to display the content of the meta box. Here’s an example function:


Step 3: Save Meta Box Data

In the above code, replace my_cpt with your CPT name. You can add your meta box content in the my_cpt_meta_box_callback function. You can also add additional meta boxes by calling add_meta_box again with different parameters. Finally, you can add your save logic in the my_cpt_save_meta_box function.

Note: Make sure to sanitize and validate the data before saving it.


CPT Limitations

Custom Post Types (CPTs) in WordPress have many advantages, including the ability to create specialized content, improved organization, and customization of WordPress. However, like any feature, there are also some limitations that you should be aware of before creating custom post types.

Here are some limitations of Custom Post Types in WordPress:

  1. Theme Dependencies: Custom Post Types depend on the theme being used to display the content correctly. This means that if you switch to a different theme, you may need to reconfigure your custom post types to work properly.
  2. Plugin Compatibility: Custom Post Types can also be affected by plugin compatibility issues. Some plugins may not work with custom post types, or they may require additional configuration.
  3. Limited Taxonomy Support: By default, WordPress only supports two taxonomies for custom post types (categories and tags). While you can create additional taxonomies, they may not work as seamlessly as the built-in ones.
  4. Template Development: Custom post types require custom templates to be developed to display their content. This can be time-consuming and may require advanced coding knowledge.
  5. Learning Curve: Creating custom post types requires a basic understanding of WordPress development, which may not be accessible to everyone.

Overall, Custom Post Types can be a powerful tool to help you organize and display content on your WordPress site. However, it’s important to be aware of their limitations and to plan accordingly to ensure that they work properly with your theme and plugins.


Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Get the best of The Daily Bundle in your inbox every week